a documentary by
Markus Schmidt, Jan Bernotat & Marion Glaser

...and Rwanda accused a whole ethnic group.

Human Rights Watch researched the traditional Gacaca courts:

Eight years after the 1994 genocide that killed at least half a million Tutsi, the government launched gacaca, an innovative, participatory, state-run justice system meant to speed up genocide trials and promote reconciliation. But its concern for justice had limits: It refused to let gacaca jurisdictions hear allegations of Rwandan Defense Force (RDF, formerly Rwandan Patriotic Army, RPA) war crimes, and it tried to stop the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda from investigating RDF suspects. (...)

Gacaca raised several human rights concerns. The accused, for example, have no right to legal counsel. Given the poor training of judges, defendants accused of similar crimes may be classed in different categories, resulting in sentencing disparities. The impartiality of judges was raised in several communities and in several cases those accused of having themselves participated in the genocide resigned. (...)

In some cases, the trainers (of the judges) themselves were poorly informed and differed, for example, on such important questions as the difference between intentional and unintentional homicide.